Hemodialysis, also spelled haemodialysis, or simply dialysis, is a process of purifying the blood of a person whose kidneys are not working normally. This type of dialysis achieves the extracorporeal removal of waste products such as creatinine and urea and free water from the blood when the kidneys are in a state of kidney failure. Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies (the other two being kidney transplant and peritoneal dialysis). An alternative method for extracorporeal separation of blood components such as plasma or cells is apheresis.
Hemodialysis can be an outpatient or inpatient therapy. Routine hemodialysis is conducted in a dialysis outpatient facility, either a purpose built room in a hospital or a dedicated, stand-alone clinic. Less frequently hemodialysis is done at home. Dialysis treatments in a clinic are initiated and managed by specialized staff made up of nurses and technicians; dialysis treatments at home can be self-initiated and managed or done jointly with the assistance of a trained helper who is usually a family member.
Hemodialysis department of highly qualified specialist hospitals with experienced specialists and personnel and existence of advanced and up-to-date hemodialysis devices in appropriate physical space including hemodialysis devices, are ready for serving permanent hemodialysis patients, patients admitted to special units and patients Included in other sections.
Regular visits by specialist doctors who are university professors are one of the special characteristics of the hemodialysis department of hospitals.
The hemodialysis department provides patients with continuous hemodialysis in 3 shifts in the morning, evening and night, and is ready to serve patients with acute renal failure in the emergency room and other parts of the hospital during the day.